Oaks of the World

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  Quercus faginea
Author Lam. 1783 Encycl. 1: 725
Synonyms alpestris Boiss. 1838
lusitanica Webb. 1838 not Lam. nor Boiss.
lusitanica var. alpestris (Boiss.) Coutinho 1888
lusitanica subsp faginea (Lam.) A.DC 1864
lusitanica f. bullata Cout. 1888
lusitanica f. salicifolia Cout. 1888
faginea var. oscensis P.Monts 1988
faginea Sampaio 1785
Local names roure de fulla petita (Catalonia) ; quejigo ; roble carrasqueño ; portuguese oak;
Range Spain; Portugal; the Baleares; Algeria; Morocco; 800 to 1900 m;
Growth habit 10-15 m; sometimes a shrub; crown broad;
Leaves 4 x 1,5 cm; leathery; semi-evergreen; oval to oblong-elliptic; variable in shape; base cordate or rounded; apex obtuse; margin often wavy and revolute; 8-12 vein pairs, straight and parallel, ending in triangular, regular, acute, mucronate teeth; bright green above, with at first a short, stellate pubescence, becoming hairless; densely yellowish-grey tomentose beneath with small stellate hairs (120-150µ long rays); some intercalary veins ; petiole hairy 0,5-1,4 cm;
Flowers March-April; male catkins in clusters of 4-5; female catkins on short peduncle;
Fruits acorn cylindrical, 2.5 cm long, 1.3 cm wide, light yellow; singly or paires on a peduncle very short; enclosed 1/4 to 1/5 by cup; cup half-round, with oval or triangular, slightly lanceolate, convex, hairy scales; maturing in 1 year;

Bark, twigs and

bark thick, furrowed, scaly, grey or brown; twig grey or whitish, pubescent at first, becoming glabrous; bud ovoid tomentose;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy (zone 7); prefers moist, calcareous soils; often bears galls;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : n° 152;
-- Sub-genus Quercus, Section Quercus;
-- the specific name "lusitanica" must be avoided: it is too much ambiguous because applied to several species:
1/ Q. lusitanica Webb and auctores = Q.faginea Lam.
2/ Q. lusitanica Boiss. = Q. infectoria Oliv.
3/ Q. lusitanica Lam. = Q. fruticosa Brot.

-- the natural hybrids of Q. faginea are :
Q. x allorgeana, Q. x battandieri, Q. x coutinhoi, Q. x fagineomirbeckii, Q. x welwitschii, Q. x pacensis, Q. x salcedoi, Q. x senneniana, Q.x tingitana, Q. x villariana

Subspecies and

There are 2 sub-species:
1/ subsp faginea
the species described above, actually polymorphous.

2/ subsp broteroi (Cout.) A.Camus 1936
= Q. lusitanica subsp broteroi Mouillef. 1892
= Q. lusitanica var. broteroi Coutinho 1888
= Q. faginea var. broteroi (Cout.) A.Camus 1939
= Q. broteroi (Cout.) Rivas Mart & Saenz de Rivas 1991
= Q. hybrida Brotero 1804, nom. illeg., not Michx
= Q. lusitanica var. baetica Coutinho 1887
= Q. tlemcenensis (A.DC) Trab. 1905, & (A.DC) Villar 1937
rather tall tree with pubescent twigs and buds, and straight, hairy, decicuous stipules; leaves 4-11 X 2-6 cm , subpersistent, flat; greenish grey tomentum beneath, made of trichomes longer than the type-species (200-250 µ); apex rounded, base slightly attenuate; obtuse, rarely mucronated teeth (looking more crenate than dentate); 8-14 pairs of parallel lateral veins; no sinusal veins (or very few ones); half-cylindrical, slender, glabrescent, 5-14 mm long petiole; female flowers on a white tomentose peduncle; perianth with 6 tomentose lobes; 3 spatulate stigmas; cup with silky, convex scales; acorn 2.5-3 cm long, with pubescent stylopodium and convex scare; present in the South or the type-species range;
-- the variety maroccana (Braun-Blanq.& Maire) A.Camus 1935 is perhaps a hybrid with Q.canariensis.
-- Q. tlemcenensis is probably a variety = Q. faginea subsp broteroi var. tlemcenensis (A.DC.) Trabut & Batt.

--- The taxon named Q. faginea subsp. alpestris (Boiss.) Maire 1960 is today described under the name Q. gaditana by F.M. Vàzquez & al. 2014: see this name.