Oaks of the World

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 Quercus castaneifolia
AuthorC.A.Meyer 1831
Synonymsaegilops L. var. castaneifolia (C.A.Mey.) K.Koch 1849
castaneifolia subsp aitchisoniana A.Camus 1934
castaneifolia subsp eucastaneifolia A.Camus 1938
sintenisiana O.Schwarz 1935
Local nameschesnut leaf oak; palout; Kabyl's afares;
RangeIran; Caucasus; South and Southwest of Caspian Sea; mounts of Algeria;
Growth habitreaches 30 m tall; crown broadly conical; limbs straight, stout, somewhat swollen near trunk;
Leaves 8-20 x 5-9 cm; variable in size; deciduous; oblong elliptic; apex acuminate; base cordate or cuneate ; shiny dark green, glabrous above; tawny pubescent beneath, becoming glabrous; midrib yellow; 9-14 pairs of lateral veins, ending in triangular, blunt, mucronate teeth; petiole light green, pubescent, 2-4 cm long;
Flowers 
Fruitsacorn ovoid or ellipsoid, 2 cm long; hemispherical cup with elongated and recurving scales, covering 1/2 of nut;

Bark, twigs and
buds

bark first black and smooth, becoming grey with orangish furrows; twigs dark brown with white lenticels; terminal bud 1 cm long, lateral ones 0.5 cm;
Hardiness zone, habitathardy; all types of soils; very fast growing;
Miscellaneous-- A. Camus : n° 117 ;
-- rare;
-- the triangular, somewhat blunt teeth set it apart from
Q.libani whose teeth are pointed;
Subspecies and
varieties

-- one cultivar : 'Green Spire', columnar and compact, 18 m tall, fast growing; cultivated since 1948;

-- hybrid with Q. cerris ;

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