Oaks of the World

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 Quercus baloot
AuthorGriffith 1848
Synonymsbalout Boiss.
ilicifolius Griff. 1848
ilex sensu Hook. 1888 not L.
Local namesHolly oak ; Holm oak ;
RangeAfghanistan ; Himalaya ; North Pakistan ; Kashmir ; from 1000 to 3000 m ;
Growth habitsmall tree with dense crown and low branched trunk;
Leaves 2.5-6.5 x 2-4 cm; oval to elliptical, seldom circular; leathery, stiff; base rounded, sometimes heart-shaped; apex rounded or abruptly pointed; margin entire or with sometimes 3-7 long sharp teeth; grey green above, glaucous beneath with thin, dense, stellate pubescence; 5-8 pairs of lateral veins, more evident on toothed leaves than on entire ones; petiole 1-3 mm, thick, hairy;
Flowersmale flowers 4-5 cm, with 7-9 stamens; female on erect spikes 5 cm long;
Fruits acorn elliptic, glabrous, 1.5-2.8 cm; enclosed 1/2 to 3/4 by the cup; cup conical, with appressed scales and peduncle to 3.5 cm; maturing first year;

Bark, twigs and
buds

bark grey, slightly furrowed into square plates; branchlets and buds hairy when young;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy zone 6; all types of soils; withstands dry climate;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : n° 96 ;
-- Belongs to the Ilex Group, according to Denk & Grimm 2010;
-- closely related to
Q. ilex;
-- hybridizes with
Q. floribunda , the latter species showing tomentose and smaller leaves;
-- for some Authors, it is the Asian form of Q. ilex.
Subspecies and
varieties
 
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