Oaks of the World

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 Quercus floribunda
Author Lindl. ex Wall. 1831
Synonymsdealbata Royle 1839
dilatata Royle 1836 nom. nudum, not Raf.
dilatata Wall. ex A.DC. in DC. 1864
dilatata Lindl. ex A.DC 1864 nom. illeg.
floribunda Lindl. ex A.Camus 1936
himalayana Bahadur 1971
Local namesMoru oak ; Green oak ; Holly oak ;
RangeHimalaya ; Nepal ; Pakistan ; Afghanistan ; 2000 - 3000 m ;
Growth habit25-30 m (the tallest oak in Western Himalaya); trunk 2-3 m in diameter;
Leaves 3-7 x 2.5-4 cm; semi-evergreen; glabrous and lustrous grey green above; oboval or oblong lanceolate; pointed, base rounded or cordate; leathery; margin dentate, with 4-9 bristle-tipped teeth each side, sometimes entire; 8-12 veins pairs, thin, forked and reticulate; petiole 0.5-1 cm;
Flowersin April-May; fruits 16-18 months later, in winter; male flowers on 4-8 cm catkins, drooping and loose;
Fruitsacorn 2-2.5 cm long, 1.6-1.8 cm in diameter; subsessile; pointed and mucronate; glabrous, brown at maturity; enclosed 1/3 or 1/2 by cup; cup with appressed, pubescent scales. maturing in 2 years;

Bark, twigs and
buds

bark dark grey brown, furrowed, exfoliating into longitudinal scales; branchlets and buds pubescent at first, becoming glabrous; bud ovoid, pointed, small;
Hardiness zone, habitat not quite hardy (zone 8); all types of soils; thrives in shady sites; prefers wet climate;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : n° 128;
--
Belongs to the Ilex Group, according to Denk & Grimm 2010;
Subspecies and
varieties
-- Hybrid with Q.leucotrichophora : Q.x parkeri A. Camus;  
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