Oaks of the World

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  Quercus sideroxyla
Author Humb. & Bonpl. 1809
Synonyms omissa A.DC. 1864
Local names encino colorado;
Range Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacan, Durango, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Querétaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas); 2200-3000 m;
Growth habit 5-10 m tall, reaches 20 m; trunk to 0.5-1 m in diameter;
Leaves 4-9 x 1.2-3.7 cm; thick, coriaceous, rough; oblanceolate to oblong-oboval; apex obtuse, sometimes acute, aristate; base cordate or round; margin slightly revolute or flat, thickened, cartilaginous, dentate-serrate with 2-5 pairs of teeth shortly bristle-tipped; green above, dull, glabrous except at base of midrib where remain some stellate, stalkless, dark trichomes; dense, yellowish-white felted tomentum beneath, made of long, sessile, fascicled trichomes and golden glandular hairs; reticulate, papillose epidermis; 5-9 vein pairs slightly raised above, prominent beneath; petiole blackish tomentose, 5-8 mm long;
Flowers from June to August; staminate catkins tomentose, 3-4 cm long, with more than 20 flowers; pistillate inflorescences 0.5-1 cm, with 1-2 flowers;
Fruits acorn 1-1.2 cm long, ovoid sessile or sometimes with a stalk to 5 mm long; singly or paired; cup half-round 8-10 mm in diameter, enclosing 1/3 ou 1/2 of nut ; maturing in 1 year between November and January;

Bark, twigs and
buds

bark greyish, thick, furrowed; twigs 2-5 mm thick, at first tomentose, becoming hairless second year, pinkish brown, with inconspicuous lenticels; buds 2.5-6 mm long, ovoid, reddish brown; stipules pilose, deciduous;
Hardiness zone, habitat not quite hardy; inhabits dry, rocky sites;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : n° 368;
-- Section Lobatae;
--
resembles Q. crassifolia, but differs in having the abaxial tomentum less dense, and made of stalkless trichomes (pediculate for crassifolia), and the tomentum of twigs less dense as well;
-- possible confusion with Q. microphylla, but this species has smaller, stiffer leaves; with a revolute margin
.
Subspecies and
varieties
For Trelease : f. aquifolia and f. ciliifera;
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