Oaks of the World

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  Quercus brutia
Author Ten. 1825 Index Seminum (NAP) 1825: 11 1825.
Synonyms robur var. brutia (Ten.) Ten. 1836
robur subsp brutia (Ten.) O.Schwarz 1936 Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 13(116): 13 1936.
thomasii Ten. 1825
robur var. thomasii (Ten.) A.DC 1864
brutia var. thomasii (Ten.) Simonk. ex Nyman 1881
Local names
Range South Italy, near Napoli; Calabra; West Balkany;
Growth habit small tree;
Leaves 10-16 x 4.5-6 cm; leathery; oboval or oblong; like those of Q.robur but larger; apex rounded, slightly retuse, attenuate; base attenuate, subcordate; margin lobed with sinuses wide and deep; mature leaves both sides hairless ; young leaves pubescents beneath on midrib and near the base; midrib prominent on both sides; 7-9 vein pairs prominent on both sides, slightly wavy, at an angle o 35-40° with midrib; numerous intercalary veins; petiole 5-10 mm long;
Flowers male catkin 3-4 cm long, pubescent, with hairless anthers; female catkin 0,8-1 cm, with rachis densely tomentose;
Fruits acorn 3-4 cm long, 1.2 cm in diameter; glabrous; 1 or 2 on a short (1-3 cm), hairy peduncle ; enclosed 1/3 or 1/4 by the hemispherical or cyathiform cup; cup 1.5-2.3 cm in diameter, thick, woody, with numerous appressed scales apically pointed; maturing same year;

Bark, twigs and

branchlets pubescent; bud ovoid, pubescent;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy; all types of soils;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : tome 2, p. 368, n° 154;
-- Sub-genus Quercus, Section Quercus, Series Roburoid;
-- Threatened species; cultivated at Anduze;
-- Really distinct species from
Q.robur (while close to): leaves lobes deeper, acorn peduncles shorter and densely tomentose, cup with apically free and spreading scales;

Subspecies and