Oaks of the World

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  Quercus acrodonta
Author Seemen 1897
Synonyms phillyreoides Franch. not A.Gray
handeliana A.Camus 1933 (A.Camus n 101)
ilex L. var. acrodonta (Seemen) Skan 1902
parvifolia Hand.-Mazz. 1925 , not Benth. 1889 nor Small 1895
Local names yan li ;
Range China (Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), 300 m to 2300 m ;
Growth habit small tree or shrub, but can reach 15 m tall;
Leaves

2.5 to 6 cm long, 1 to 2.5 cm wide; persistent 2 years; elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate or narrowly obovate; base rounded or weakly cordate; apex shortly acuminate; margin with scattered spiny teeth in the apical half; glabrous and lustrous grey-green above; densely pubescent and yellowish below with stipitate stellate hairs; 7-11 pairs of secondary veins, pubescent; tertiary veins inconspicuous under the tomentum ; petiole 3-5 mm long, tomentose;

Flowers pistillate flowers in May, near top of the tree; inflorescence with tomentose rachis;
Fruits acorn 1 cm long, 0.8 cm in diameter; ovoid, with yellowish hairs at apex; singly or paired; enclosed for 1/2 of length in cup; cup with greyish tomentose scales, somewhat reddish at top; maturing in 1 year, in September-October;

Bark, twigs and
buds

young twigs yellowish tomentose ;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy ; all types of soils, but prefers calcareous ones ;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : n 99 ;
-- Group Ilex, for Denk & Grimm 2010;
-- resembles Q.phillyreoides A.Gray ;
-- for Govaerts & Frodin, following Camus and Menitsky, Q.handeliana (= Q. parvifolia Hand.-Mazz.) is a true species, in Yunnan ; for  The Flora of China 2008, it is a synonym for Q.acrodonta.
Subspecies and
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