Oaks of the World

General dataClassificationsList of speciesLocal namesBack to
home page

 Quercus variabilis
AuthorBlume 1850
Synonymsbungeana Forbes 1884
chinensis Bunge 1833, nom. illeg. not Abel 1818
moulei Hance 1875
serrata Carruthers not Thunb. nor S. & Z.
serrata var. chinensis Wenz. 1886
variabilis var. megaphylla T.B.Chao 1981
variabilis var. pyramidalis T.B.Chao & al. 1981
Local namesshuan pi li ;
RangeJapan, China, Korea, Taiwan, Tibet; to 3400 m; introduced in Europe in 1861;
Growth habitreaches 25 m in the wild (smaller in cultivation); open, spreading crown;
Leaves 8-15 x 2-5 cm; oboval; apex pointed; base rounded or remotely cuneate; margin with 15-18 pairs of teeth ending in cusp; dark, shiny, rich green above, with dense stellate greyish tomentum; minutely silvery stellate pubescent beneath; 9-16 vein pairs; petiole 2.5-3 cm long, pale green;
FlowersApril-May
Fruitsacorn 1-2 cm long, subglobose; stalkless; almost all enclosed by cup; cup with long, reflected scales; maturing in 2 years;

Bark, twigs and
buds

bark corky, strongly furrowed, pinkish grey to brown grey; twig olive brown to pale brown, almost hairless, somewhat shiny, becoming grey brown; buds narrow, pointed, 5 mm long;
Hardiness zone, habitathardy; prefers dry soils; rather slow-growing;
Miscellaneous-- A. Camus : n 121;
-- Sub-genus Quercus, section Cerris;
Subspecies and
varieties
 
Pictures

drawing