Oaks of the World

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  Quercus pontica
Author K.Koch 1849
Synonyms  
Local names Armenian Oak;
Range Caucasus Mountains; Armenia; around Black Sea; north Turkey; 1200 to 2300 m;
Growth habit rarely exceeding 8 metres tall; short trunk, crown rounded, open, loose;
Leaves 10-20 x 5-10 cm; oboval; thick; margin with 25-30 teeth; lustrous green above; paler, slightly glaucous beneath with stellate hairs; 16-17 vein pairs; stout yellow petiole 1.5 cm long;
Flowers male catkins in cluster of 2 to 3, to 20 cm long; pistillate flowers with 5 long stigmas;
Fruits acorn 3-4 cm, ovoid; apex narrow, velutinous; short, thick peduncle; cup enclosing 1/2 or 1/3 of nut, with oval- lanceolate, greyish, remotely appressed, thin scales;

Bark, twigs and
buds

bark grey to purple brown, scaly, becoming rough, furrowed; twigs stout, angled, tawny to grey brown, with narrow lenticels; buds 1-1.5 cm, with green, imbricated scales, ciliate towards apex;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy; prefers lime free soils; very slow-growing;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : n° 124 ;
-- hybridizes likely with Q.robur (= x
hickelii )
-- cultivar Q.'Pondaim' : it is a hybrid between Q.
pontica and Q.daimio (= Q.dentata), hence the name.
-- for some Authors, Q.pontica is related to Q.petraea;
Subspecies and
varieties
 
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