Oaks of the World

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  Quercus montana
Author Willd. 1805
Synonyms Quercus prinus L. 1753 (A.Camus : 191)
carolineana Dippel 1891
monticola Petz. & Kirchn.1864
prinus var. monticola Michx. 1801
prinus var. palustris Michx. 1801
Local names mountain chestnut oak ; rock chestnut oak ;
Range S and E USA; to 1500 m; introduced in Europe (Great-Britain) in 1688;
Growth habit 20-30 m; crown narrow, bole straight;
Leaves 10-20 x 5-10 cm; oboval to elliptic; apex acuminate; base cuneate or rounded; 9-14 pairs of triangular lobes, smaller near apex; pale green, with tufts of trichoma adaxially; a little glaucous, with scattered hairs abaxially; dark red at fall; 10-14 vein pairs; petiole thin, yellow, 2-3 cm long;
Flowers late spring;
Fruits acorn 2 cm long, ovoid; dark brown; 1 to 3 together; cup sessile or shortly stalked, with small, grey green scales, enclosing 1/3 of nut;

Bark, twigs and
buds

bark dark grey, almost black, deeply furrowed; twig light brown, hairless, thick, with numerous lenticels; buds light brown, ovoid, hairless or nearly so, 4-6 cm long, sometimes pointed;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy; withstands poor, dry, rocky soils;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : n° 191, named Q.prinus L.;
--Section Quercus ;
-- The name Q.prinus has been used for an other species (Quercus michauxii), so it is preferable to name this species Q.montana Willdenow, in order to avoid any confusion.
Subspecies and
varieties
--- Q.prinus var. acuminata Michx
= Q.acuminata Sarg.
= Q.muehlenbergii (voir cette fiche)
Pictures