Oaks of the World

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 Quercus mongolica
AuthorFisch. ex Ledeb. 1850
Synonymscrispula var. manshurica Koidz. 1912
funebris LÚveillÚ ex Nakai 1915
kirinensis Nakai 1939
liaotungensis Koidzumi 1912 (Camus : n░ 148)
mongolica var. kirinensis (Nakai) Kitagawa1979
mongolica var. liaotungensis (Koidz.) Nakai 1915
mongolica var. macrocarpa H.Wei Jen & Wang 1984
mongolica var. manschurica (Koidz.) Nakai 1915
sessiliflora Salisb. var. mongolica (Fisch. ex Ledeb.) Franchet 1884
undulatifolia LÚveillÚ ex Nakai 1915
wutaishanica Mayr 1906
Local namesmeng gu li ;
RangeChina, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, E.Russia, Sachaline Islands; 200 to 2500 m ; introduced in Europe in 1879;
Growth habit20-35 m tall; crown ovoid, sometimes flattened;
Leaves 10-20 (30) x 4-11 cm ; sometimes marcescent; oboval; leathery; toothed (7-10 broad teeth each side); apex pointed, base rounded or auricled; hairless above, simple hairs beneath along veins; crowded at the end of the shoot; dark red at fall; 10-18 hairy vein pairs; tertiary veins evident; petiole short (2-8 mm);
FlowersMay-June; perianth with 6 lobes; rachis of male inflorescence hairless;
Fruitsacorn 1.4-2.2 cm long, 1.1-1.6 cm in diameter; ovoid; yellowish; hairless except near apex; enclosed 1/3 to 1/2 by cup; cup with hairless, gibbose scales; maturing in 1 year;

Bark, twigs and

bark greyish, deeply furrowed; twig hairless, angled, brown, lenticellate;
Hardiness zone, habitathardy; prefers acidic soils; not very vigorous;
Miscellaneous -- A.Camus : n░ 140;
-- Section Quercus;
-- This species is variable and widespreading; numerous varieties have been named, that are actually geographic forms; i.e. the name Q.wutaishanica (see below);
Subspecies and

-- subsp mongolica
the type described

-- subsp crispula (Blume) Menitsky 1973
= Q.crispula Bl. 1851(A. Camus = n░ 141)
= Q. mongolica var. crispula (Bl.) H.0hashi 1988
= Q.humosa Bl. 1851
= Q.grosseserrata Bl. 1851
= Q. crispula var. grosseserrata (Bl.) MiQ.1864
= Q. mongolica var. grosseserrata (Bl.) Rehd. & Wils. 1916
= Q. crispula var. sachalinensis Koidz. 1912
= Q.crispulimongolica Nakai 1952, nom. nud.
vigorous; taller than the type, with smaller leaves having smaller teeth; rachis of male inflorescence pubescent; cup scales flat;
Japan; Korea.

-- Q. wutaishanica Mayr 1906
this taxon is accepted as true species by Govaerts, 2007.
= Q. liaotungensis Koidz.
= Q. funebris LÚv.
= Q. undulatifolia LÚv.
leaves smaller (7-16 cm x 3.5-7.5), acorn scales flatter than subsp mongolica; North China;