Oaks of the World

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 Quercus ilicifolia
AuthorWangenh. 1787
Synonymsbanisteri Michx 1801
ilicifolia var. georgiana A. Wood 1861
nana (Marsh.) Sarg. 1895, nom. illeg., not Willd.
rubra var. nana Marsh. 1785
Local namesbear oak ; scrub oak ;
RangeEast USA; 0-1500 m; introduced in Europe in 1800;
Growth habit1-2.5 m (to5 m); shrubby; branches slender, spreading;
Leaves 5-10 x 4-7.5 cm; semi-evergreen; apex pointed; base cuneate; 2-5 toothed lobes with shallow sinuses; dark green above; paler beneath, greyish or whitish tomentose; dark purple in winter; petiole 1-2 cm long, pubescent;
Flowersfruits at 5 years old;
Fruitsacorn 1-1.5 cm; paired; numerous; dark brown, striped with black; sessile; cup enclosing 1/4 to 1/3 of nut; maturing in 2 years; bitter;

Bark, twigs and
buds

bark dark grey, thin, smooth, becoming scaly and furrowed; twig yellow brown, hairy; bud dark brown, ovoid, pubescent, 2-4 mm long;
Hardiness zone, habitathardy; prefers lime-free soils, even poor or dry; slow-growing, short-lived;
Miscellaneous-- A.Camus : 420;
-- section Lobatae ;
-- hybrids with other red oaks (
Q.x brittonii, Q.x caesariensis, Q.x fernaldii, Q.x giffordii, Q.x rehderi, Q. x robbinsii ) ;
Subspecies and
varieties
 
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