Oaks of the World

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  Quercus glandulifera
Author Blume 1850 Mus. Bot. 1: 295
Synonyms canescens Bl. 1851
griffithii var. glandulifera Franch. 1899
glandulifera var. brevipetioleata (A.DC) Nakai 1924
serrata Thunb. 1784
serrata var. brevipetioleata (A.DC) Nakai 1926
urticifolia Bl. 1851
urticifolia var. brevipetioleata A.DC 1864
Local names "Iodame" ; ko-nara ;
Range Japan; Korea; China; Taiwan; West Himalaya; 0 to 3000 m;  introduced in Europe in 1893;
Growth habit 12-15 m (sometimes to 25 m); much smaller in cultivation; rounded crown;
Leaves 6-12 x 2.5-6 cm; semi-evergreen; oboval elliptic; short glandular teeth curved toward apex;  shiny green above, paler beneath with long, simple,  silky hairs hiding stellate hairs; 9-14 pairs of secondary veins; petiole 0.3-3 cm long;
Fruits acorn ovate or ellipsoid, 1.8-2 cm long, 0.6-1.2 cm in diameter; mucronate, brown, hairless; short stalk, sometimes sessile; halfround cup 1-1.5 cm in diameter, enclosing only base of nut or to 1/3, with oval lanceolate, appressed scales;

Bark, twigs and

bark grey, vertically fissured; young shoot hairless;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy; all types of soils; slow growing;
Miscellaneous -- Sub-genus Quercus, Section Quercus, Series Roburoid;
-- A. Camus : n° 142 ;
-- Today, is considered as synonym of Q.serrata, but for Sargent (in Forest Flora of Japan, 1894), one must dinstinguish Q.serrata and Q.glandulifera.

Subspecies and
-- numerous varieties;
-- variety brevipetiolata (petiole 3-5 cm long) is found essentially in China, rarely in Japan;