|Author||Seemen 1897 Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23(57): 47|
kongshanensis Y.C.Hsu & H.Wei Jen 1976 Acta Phytotax. Sin. 14(2): 85
lanceolata Qu & Zhang 1984, nom. illeg.
lyoniifolia Cheng 1950
obscura Seemen 1897 not Trel.
shangxiensisZ.K. Zhou 1998 Acta Bot. Yunnan. 20: 44
sutchuenensis Franch. 1899
|Local names||ba dong li ;|
|Range||China (Szechwan, Hupeh, Shaanxi), Tibet, Assam ; 700 to 2700 m ; introduced in Europe in 1900 by Wilson ;|
|Growth habit||6-8 m, but may reach 15 m;|
|Leaves||6-16 x 2.5-5.5 cm; evergreen (old leaves fall as the new ones unfold); thick, very stiff; narrowly oval oblong; pointed and acuminate at apex; base rounded or cordate or sometimes somewhat cuneate; margin toothed in the apical half, or sometimes entire; dark shining green, hairless above ; at first yellowish-brown pubescent beneath, becoming glabrous, except fascicled hairs sometimes remaining at vein axil; 10-13 vein pairs strongly raised beneath; petiole 1-2 cm, tomentose becoming glabrous;|
|Flowers||May-June; female inflorescences 1-5 cm at leaf axil, terminal on young shoots, bearing 1 to 10 cups;|
|Fruits||acorn ovoid 1-2 cm long, acute, mucronate, glabrous; single or to 10 together; cup shallow enclosing 1/3 of nut, sessile, 0.8-1 cm in diameter; scales oval-lanceolate 1 mm long, brown tomentose near base, glabrous and reddish at apex; maturing in 1 year;|
Bark, twigs and
dark brown, thin; young twigs yellow grey tomentose, becoming glabrous;
oblong, brownish lenticels;
buds narrow; silky stipules 10-15 mm long;
|Hardiness zone, habitat||probably hardy; all types of soils;|
-- Sub-genus Cerris, Section Ilex; -- For The Plant List 2013, Q.
kongshanensis is a true species.
-- For The Plant List 2013, Q. kongshanensis is a true species.
Q.marlipoensis Hu & Cheng 1951 (Acta Phytotax. Sin.
is very close to Q.engleriana in its southern range (SE Yunnan, at 1100 m), with larger leaves (15-22 x 6-11 cm) sometimes oboval and with 16-20 vein pairs. Threatened (IUCN Red List Category : CR)