Oaks of the World

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 Quercus costaricensis
AuthorLiebm. 1854
Synonymscostaricensis f. kuntzei Trel. 1924
endresi Trel. 1924
irazuensis Kuntze 1891    (A. Camus : 319)
Local namesencino, roble encino;
RangeCosta-Rica (1000 - 3400 m in Talamanca cordillera) ; Honduras (2400m); Panama (2800m);
Growth habitmay reach 50 m tall; trunk cylindrical;
Leaves 3-6(9) x 2.5-5 cm; evergreen or tardily deciduous; thick and leathery; somewhat bubbled, with reticulate veins; elliptic or sometimes suborbicular; apex rounded or obtuse (sometimes pointed when young); base rounded or slightly cordate; glabrescent above with a few hairs along midrib; pubescent beneath specially near veins; 7-10 vein pairs, divaricate near margin; very short petiole;
FlowersAugust to November; male inflorescences 4-9 cm long, at the base of the twigs;
Fruitsacorn subglobose 2-3 cm across; coffee-coloured; solitary, on a stout peduncle 0.5-1 cm long; cup covering only base of nut; maturing in 1 year;

Bark, twigs and
buds

bark crackled, greenish black, scaly; twigs 2-6 mm thick, at first densely stellate-tomentose, becoming glabrescent; bud 6 mm long, ovoid, with apically pubescent scales;
Hardiness zone, habitatnot hardy; wet mountains forests;
Miscellaneous-- A. Camus : n° 321;
-- Section Lobatae;
Subspecies and
varieties
 
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