Oaks of the World

General dataClassificationsList of speciesLocal namesBack to
home page

 Quercus coccinea
AuthorMuenchh. 1770
Synonymscoccinea var. tuberculata Sargent 1922
coccinea var. rugelii A.DC 1864
repanda hort.
Local namesscarlet oak
RangeEastern USA; to 1500 m; introduced in Europe in 1691;
Growth habitreaches 25 m tall; lower part of the trunk without dead wood;
Leaves 7-20 x 5-13 cm; base truncate or rarely cuneate; 3-5 lobes each side of the midrib; lobes paired often unequally; veins not opposite, ending into bristle-tips; rather deep sinuses, widely rounded; lustrous dark green above, paler beneath with prominent whitish veins; glabrous except sometimes axillary tufts; purplish at fall; petiole slender, hairless, yellow, 2.5-6 cm long;
Flowersin spring; male catkins 6-8 cm;
Fruitsacorn oval, 1.2-2.5 cm, red brown, rarely striate; sessile or short-stalked; enclosed 1/2 or 1/3 by cup; cup half-round, deep, shiny, often with warted scales; maturing in 2 years;

Bark, twigs and
buds

bark grey, warty, finely fissured into reddish inside scales; twigs red brown above, olive beneath, glabrous, angled, with lenticels; bud ovoid, pointed, hairy, with apically light red brown edged scales, 4-7 mm long;
Hardiness zone, habitathardy; prefers acidic soils; fast growing;
Miscellaneous-- section Lobatae;
-- different from other red oaks in the rounded sinuses and the large central lobe;
-- hybridizes with Q.ilicifolia (= x
robbinsii), Q.velutina (= x fontana), Q.palustris ;
Subspecies and
varieties
-- cultivar 'Splendens' shows conspicuous autumn colors ; cultivated since 1893;
-- var. tuberculata has a very warty acorn cup;
Pictures