Oaks of the World

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  Quercus baronii
Author Skan 1899 J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 507 1899.
Synonyms dielsiana Seemen ex Diels 1900
baronii f. capillata Kozlov 1933
baronii var. capillata (Kozlov) Liou 1936
baronii var. pendula S.Y.Wang & C.L.Chang 1980
kozloviana Liou 1936
pseudoserrata Liou 1936
Local names jiang zi li
Range Western China (Henan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Hunan, Gansu, Sichuan); 900 to 2200 m; introduced in Europe in 1914 by Meyer;
Growth habit 6-15 m; much smaller in cultivation;
Leaves 3-6 x 1-2.5 cm; persistent 1 year (in the North of its range, in colder places, leaves are sometimes deciduous in winter); leathery; ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate; apex acuminate; base rounded or weakly auricled; toothed except basally; shiny, glabrous except stellate hairs upper side; fascicled and fused-stellate pubescence below the first year, becoming glabrous except yellowish hairs along midrib; midrib slightly raised above, much more beneath; 5-7 pairs of lateral veins, straight, at an angle of 35° with midrib; petiole 3-9 mm, yellow tomentose, then glabrescent;
Flowers April; female inflorescences to 1-2 cm, bearing 1 to 3 flowers;
Fruits acorn ovoid 1.2-1.7 cm long and 0.7-1.2 cm in diameter; apex flat and silky; singly or paired, on a 1 cm long peduncle; enclosed for 1/3 of length or more in cup; cup 1.5-2 cm in diametre, 0.8-1 cm high, with greyish, reflexed scales to 3-5 mm; ripe in 2 years;

Bark, twigs and

bark gray brown marked with pale grey; branchlets stellate pubescent when young, becoming glabrous; bud oblong, slightly reddish;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy; all types of soils; prefers alkaline soils;
Miscellaneous -- A.Camus : tome 1, p. 426, n° 104;
-- Sub-genus Cerris, Section Ilex;
-- For Menitsky (1974), Q.pseudoserrata Liou 1936 is a synonym of Q.serrata Thunb.
-- Discovered by the italian missionary Giraldi, in 1895, in Shanxi;

Subspecies and