Oaks of the World

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  Quercus affinis
Author Scheidw. 1837 Belg. Tuinb., Int. Ed. 4: 321 1837.
Synonyms commutata Liebm. 1854 Diagnosis here
affinis f. commutata Trel. 1924
affinis f. subintegra Trel. 1924
lancifolia Benth. 1840, nom. illeg, not Schltdl. & Cham. 1830, nec Liebm. 1864
nitens Mart. & Gal. 1842
nitens var. subintegra A.DC 1864
Local names
Range NE, C, S and SE Mexico : Sierra Madre Oriental and East of the Volcanic Trans-Mexican Belt (Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas and Veracruz); 1200-2600 m;
Growth habit tree to 18 m high, often smaller, 7-12m;
Leaves 3.5-13 cm long, 1-3 cm wide; evergreen; coriaceous ; lanceolate to elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate; apex attenuate almost acuminate, bristle-tipped; base acute or cuneate, seldom rounded; margin not revolute, entire or with some (less than 4 pairs) short, bristle-tipped teeth on apical half; at first rusty-colored both sides; mature leaves adaxially dark green, shiny, glabrous or with some stellate trichomes near base; almost concolor beneath with some axil tufts; 5-9 vein pairs, flat above, slightly prominent beneath, conspicuous; epidermis smooth ; hairless petiole 0.5-1,6 cm long;
Flowers in February and March; male flowers on 3-6 cm long, pubescent catkins, with 4-5 stamens. Female inflorescences 2-8 mm long, bearing 1 or 2 flowers;
Fruits acorn 1-1.5 cm long; ovoid to subglobose; 1 to 3 together, almost sessil or on a very short, glabrous peduncle; cup halfround or bowl-shaped, not rolled inside at the margin, enclosing 1/2 or 1/3 of nut, with brown, triangular scales ciliate at margin; maturing in 2 years, from August to November;

Bark, twigs and

young bark smooth, mature one dark grey, scaly; glabrous or glabrescent twig, 1,5-2.5 mm, becoming grey brown when mature, longitudinaly sulcate; unconspicuous pale lenticels; small ovoid or conical, brown buds, 2-4 mm long, with ciliate margin scales;

Hardiness zone, habitat hardiness zone 7-8;  rather fast-growing; prefers acidic soils;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : n° 229;
-- Sub-genus Quercus, section Lobatae; sub-section Erythromexicanae, Series Lanceolatae;
-- Very closely related to Q.laurina (which it may hybridize with); Q. laurina is different in having thicker twigs, globose to ovate buds, bigger leaves with abaxially prominent veins, and upper face different from lower one;
-- Resembles Q. eduardii but this taxon has fasciate, tangled trichomes on the whole lower side; resembles as well Q. galeanensis which is much more low a shrub and has oblong, elliptic to oblanceolate leaves.

Subspecies and
For Trelease = f. commutata (Liebm.) Trel. 1924 and f. subintegra (A.DC) Trel. 1924